Highlights Of Bangsamoro History (Part 2)

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Highlights Of Bangsamoro History (Part 2)

Post by Murp on Sun Aug 10, 2008 2:17 am

March 24, 2001

The “Agreement on the General Framework for the Resumption of Peace Talks” was signed in Kuala Lumpur by then Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Eduardo Ermita and Al Haj Murad Ebrahim, then MILF vice chair for military affairs.

Ebrahim would be named MILF peace panel chair until he assumed the post of MILF chair Salamat Hashim in late July 2003 after Hashim succumbed to a lingering illness in Lanao.

MILF information chief Iqbal took over the chairmanship of the peace panel.

The March 24, 2001 agreement was hailed a “breakthrough” especially with both parties agreeing to resume the talks “immediately” after the signing of the March 24, 2001 agreement “and continue the same from where it had stopped
before April 27, 2000 until they shall have reached a negotiated political settlement of the Bangsamoro problem.”

The parties also agreed to “commit to honor, respect and implement all past agreements signed by them” and to “negotiate with sincerity and mutual trust, justice and freedom, and respect for the identity, culture and aspirations of all peoples of Mindanao.”

March 30,2001

Philippine Congress approved RA 9054, An Act to Strengthen and Expand the Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act 7634, Entitled "An Act Providing for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, as Amended"

April 2001

The 15-Man Executive Council was formed in defiance to the leadership of Nur Misuari and chose MNLF Vice Chairman Hatimil Hassan as Chairman of the Executive Council. Misuari, however, remained ARMM governor.

June 19-22, 2001

GRP and MILF panel chair Al Haj Murad Ebrahim signed an Agreement on Peace.

August 7, 2001

MILF and MNLF signed an Agreement on the General Framework for Unity and a Joint Communique and Implementing Guidelines on the Security Aspect of the GRP-MILF Tripoli Agreement of Peace in 2001.

November 19, 2001

Former MNLF Chair Misuari was accused of rebellion and on November 24, Misuari was arrested in Malaysia .

November 26, 2001

MNLF Executive Council member Parouk Hussin was elected ARMM Governor. On December 20, the GRP and MNLF signed a Joint Communique to recognize the progress in the implementation of the 1996 Peace Agreement and the need to sustain its progress.

2002

January Presidential Assistant for Mindanao Jesus Dureza takes Misuari from Subang Jaya, Royal Malaysian Air Force Base on 7 January and brings him to the detention bungalow in Sta. Rosa Laguna. The CCCH, tasked with supervising the implementation of the ceasefire, meets for the first time on 12 January.

February Skirmishes resume in various parts of central Mindanao .

March . President Arroyo suspends formal peace talks with the MILF.

April . Geneva Call persuades the MILF to sign a deed of commitment against use of landmines after a meeting at a MILF camp in Maguindanao.

May . The GRP and MILF sign a Joint Communiqué on the isolation and interdiction of all criminal syndicates and kidnap-for-ransom groups operating in Mindanao, on 6 May in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The next day Implementing Guidelines on the Humanitarian, Rehabilitation and Development Aspects of the GRP-MILF Tripoli Agreement on Peace of 2001 are signed in Putrajaya, Kuala Lumpur .

The MNLF and MILF hold a first meeting of the Joint Coordinating Council of the Bangsamoro Solidarity Conference (BSC) on 8-9 May in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and agree to send a joint delegation to the 29th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers of the organization of the Islamic Conference on 27 June in Sudan.

June . The MILF’s project implementing body, the Bangsamoro Development Agency, is set up to “lead, manage and determine” rehabilitation and development projects in the conflict-affected areas.

July .President Arroyo announces on 2 July that the MILF’s former headquarters Camp Abubakar will become an army base named Camp Datu Sinsuat. From July to September, members of LMTs are appointed as per the GRP-MILF agreements in 2001, and a series of local workshops are held in various parts of central and western Mindanao . The Bangsamoro Development Agency also conducts a series of planning workshops.

November . On 6 November Jesus Dureza denies that the USA is to list the MILF as a terrorist group, after reports to the contrary following a meeting between Philippine and US government officials.

December . Government peace chairman Jesus Dureza and panel member Irene Santiago admit during a meeting with the members of Mindanao media on 28 December that a peace agreement is expected to be forged within the first quarter of 2003 to avoid “politicization” of the peace process.

2003

On 20 January 2003, MILF Chairman Hashim Salamat writes George W. Bush, President of the United States , seeking support for the “ Moro Nation. “We are therefore appealing to the basic principle of American fairness and sense of justice to use your good offices in rectifying the error that (sic) continuous to negate and derogate the Bangsamoro People’s fundamental right to seek decolonization under the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514 (XV) of 1960. For this purpose, we are amenable to inviting and giving you the opportunity to assist in resolving this predicament of the Bangsamoro People.”

On February 10, the government peace panel presents the draft final peace agreement with the MILF to congressional leaders. Philippine government forces storm the Buliok Complex in the town of Pikit, in Cotabato Province on 11 February (the day of the Eid’ul Adha). Efforts to get the ceasefire committees to meet on 12 February fail as the MILF declines to attend the meeting before government troops move out.

President Arroyo approves a draft peace proposal on 19 February.

March . A bomb explodes at the waiting shed of Davao International Airport on 4 March, killing 22 people and injuring at least a hundred others. Hashim reportedly condemns the act.

Charges of multiple murder and frustrated multiple murder are filed against Hashim, Vice-Chair for military affairs Al Haj Murad Ebrahim (also MILF peace panel chair), Vice-Chair for political affairs Ghazaali Jaafar, and spokesperson Eid Kabalu.

On 27-28 March, the government and MILF peace panel representatives meet in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Jesus Dureza (GRP) and Lanang Ali (MILF) sign a Joint Statement on 28 March, reiterating their commitment to resume formal peace negotiations and to honor and implement past agreements.

April . A bomb explodes at Sasa Wharf in Davao City on 2 April, killing 16 and wounding 55 others. MILF fighters attack the town of Maigo, Lanao del Norte on 24 April, leaving 13 people dead.

May . Twenty-two people die in a MILF bomb attack in Siocon on 4 May, prompting the Philippine government to call off the 9-11 May exploratory talks in Kuala Lumpur. On 5 May, the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) issues an open letter to both Arroyo and Hashim urging for a ceasefire and return to negotiations. Days later the Bishops Ulama Conference issues a statement offering to mediate between the MILF and the GRP.

On 9 May, GRP peace panel Chair Jesus Dureza resigns, claiming he wants to focus his efforts on development in Mindanao . A market place in Koronadal City , South Cotabato is bombed on 10 May. Fifteen people are killed and 31 are wounded. The government blames the MILF.

On 13 May , President Arroyo warns the MILF that she will recommend the USA puts them on their list of terrorist organizations if they do not end attacks on civilians by 1 June.

On 14 May, the OIC officially recognizes ARMM governor Parouk Hussin as chair of the MNLF. Arroyo declares a war of “will and vision” against the MILF on 17 May, and orders “selective attacks” on “embedded terrorist lairs” in central and western Mindanao . In the evening of the same day, Arroyo departs for a state visit to the US , and returns a week later having secured US$356m in defence and counter-terrorism aid.

On 28 May, the MILF announces a unilateral 10 day ceasefire beginning 2 June, welcomed by President Arroyo. The next day the MILF is involved in an attack on Carmen town, North Cotabato , in which five civilians are killed.

June . The MILF extends its ceasefire for another 10 days on 12 June. Presidential Assistant on the Peace Process Eduardo Ermita, named as chair of the government peace panel on 10 June, announces that the government will withdraw its offer to resume peace talks if MILF chair Salamat Hashim does not act as chief negotiator for the MILF.

On 22 June, the MILF extends its ceasefire indefinitely and requests a matching gesture from the military. Hashim issues a policy statement dated 20 June “rejecting terror as a means to resolve differences”. The government welcomes the move but urges Hashim to declare a permanent ceasefire and reiterates its call for him to personally head the MILF peace panel. The government announces on 24 June that following meetings of the peace panels GRP-MILF talks will resume in Malaysia and Hashim will lead the MILF negotiators and sign any resulting agreements.

2004

In December 2004, the discussions on ancestral domain, the last of the three major agenda items aside from security and rehabilitation, were divided into four strands – concept, territory, resources and governance.

2005

Iqbal told MindaNews the MILF was considering four governance possibilities in the negotiated political settlement: federal, commonwealth, association of free states and independence.

2006

The impasse of the peace talks started on September 6-7, during the 13th exploratory talks over the issue of territory when the GRP’s recognition of the 613 Muslim-dominated barangays is conditioned on undergoing a constitutional process.

2007

Nov. 14 Joint Statement - Among the consensus points on ancestral domain that the two panels agreed upon were: the “joint determination of the scope of the Bangsamoro homeland based on the technical maps and data submitted by both sides; measures to address the legitimate grievances of the Bangsamoro people arising from their unjust dispossession and/or marginalization; Bangsamoro people’s right to utilize and develop their ancestral domain and ancestral lands; and economic cooperation arrangements for the benefit of the entire Bangsamoro people.”

2008

April

Makati Regional Trial Court allows MNLF Chairman Nur Misuari to post bail.

May 10

29 Malaysian members of the International Monitoring Team (IMT) including Major General Datuk Mat Yasin Bin Mat Daud, the head of mission left in a phased withdrawal of troops. This draws statements from civil society groups on possible resumption of hostilities between government and the MILF.

July 2008

July 22

PGMA in a visit in Maguindanao, announces she supports a call to postpone the ARMM elections scheduled on August 11, 2008.

Dureza said the "Cabinet consensus" to postpone the regional polls was reached after Arroyo met with Cabinet members and ARMM officials in Awang, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Shariff Kabunsuan.

July 24, 2008

Hermogenes C. Esperon, Jr., presidential adviser on the peace process would meet the MILF in Malaysia for the final date on the signing of a memorandum of agreement (MoA) on ancestral domain.

In the days to come, Zamboanga City Mayor Celso L. Lobregat, who has objected to calls for some parts of the city to be under the Bangsamoro territory, said he is backing North Cotabato Vice-Governor Emmanuel F. Piñol, who will file a case with the Supreme Court demanding public disclosure of the contents of the ancestral domain draft pact.

July 24, 2008

5 Muslim lawmakers filed House Bill 4832 which proposes to amend Section 1 of Republic Act 9333 - the law that sets the August 11 ARMM elections - by replacing the date of the ARMM polls to coincide with the May 2010 national elections.

Those who authored the House Bill 4832 are representatives Faysah Dumarpa of Lanao del Sur, Simeon Datumanong of Maguindanao, Munir Arbison of Sulu, Mujiv Hataman of party-list Anak Mindanao, and Pangalian Balindong of Lanao del Sur.

Senator Miguel Zubiri backs out on filing a similar bill.

July 26, 2008

Saturday headlines bannered GRP-MILF talks collapse after an impasse Friday night in KL . Government had reportedly changed its position and wanted to delay the plebiscite until after the signing of a final peace pact, instead of after the agreement on ancestral domain as they had agreed upon.

July 28 – 14th Congress opens session with the State of the Nation Address by PGMA which mentions support for the peace process.

July 31 - The House committee on suffrage and electoral reforms approved on July 31, the bill that seeks to postpone the elections in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (Armm).

Seventeen lawmakers were for the postponement.

Radio dzXL said those opposed to proposals to postpone the ARMM elections are:

• Senate President Manuel Villar II,
• Senate President Pro-tempore Jose “Jinggoy" Estrada,
• Senate Majority Leader Francis Pangilinan,
• Senate Minority Leader Aquilino Pimentel Jr,
• Sen. Richard Gordon,
• Sen. Alan Peter Cayetano,
• Sen. Pia Cayetano,
• Sen. Mar Roxas II,
• Sen. Rodolfo Biazon, and
• Sen. Juan Ponce Enrile.

August 5, 2008

Scheduled signing in Kuala Lumpur of the MOA on Ancestral Domain providing for a plebiscite on November 2009. This is merely a part of The Comprehensive Compact, as the MILF proposes the peace agreement would be called, which will be a consolidation of the talks’ three agenda items: security, rehabilitation and development, and ancestral domain.

References:

Bara, Hannibal. History of the Muslim in the Philippines , NCCA, 1999
Cabel, O.A. Local Governance and Public Administration: The Sulu Experience, 1990
Che Man, W.K. Muslim Separatism: The Moros of Southern Philippines and the Malays of Southern Thailand, Quezon City :
AdM U Press, 1990
Criveli, Camillus. Catholic Encyclopedia, XV, Robert Appleton Co, 1912
Gowing, P.G. Mandate in Moroland, American Government of Muslim Filipinos, 1899-1920
Gowing, P.G. and Robert McAmis. The Muslim Filipinos: Their History, Society, and Contemporary Problems, Manila : La
Solidaridad Publishing House, 1974.
Kho, Madge. Chronology of Moro Resistance
Majul, Cesar A. Muslim in the Philippines, Quezon City: UP Press, 1973
Montemayor, M.S. Saga of a German Sea Captain, Manila Bulletin, 08.30.2000
MINDANEWS

MORO TIMES, Manila Times, August, 2006

Orosa, Sixto Y. The Sulu Archipelago and Its People, NY: World Book Co., 1970
Saleeby, N. History of Sulu, Manila: Bureau of Printing, 1966
SUNSTAR
Tan, Samuel K. The Filipino Muslim Armed Struggle, 1900-1972, Makati : Filipinas Foundation, 1977
Tregoning, K.B. A History of Modern Sabah, 1881-1963
Hurley, Vic. Swish of the Kris, 1997 http://www.bakbakan .comH.R.H. Sultan Jamal ul-Kiram I (1823-1844) (Compiled by Altifahny Laguindab, Rey Trillana, Abdurahman Ismael and Samira Gutoc)


source: http://www.mindanaoexaminer.com/news.php?news_id=20080804010254

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